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- 13 Non Gandhi Presidents in 73 Years, With A Success Rate Of 57% In General Elections; Rajiv Sonia Rahul Are The Only Ones From The Gandhi Family Who Lost The Party While President
new Delhi28 minutes ago
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- In 73 years after independence, 38 years, Gandhi family became president, 35 years non-Gandhi family president.
- Till now 17 Lok Sabha elections have been held, out of which the Congress lost as Gandhi president 4 times, lost 3 times as non-Gandhi president.
- Congress lost in 1989 when Rajiv Gandhi was president, Sonia Gandhi was the president during the elections of 1999 and 2014, Rahul Gandhi was the president in 2019.
After the results of the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the search for the president started in two major political parties of the country. The first party was the BJP, whose president Amit Shah had won the Lok Sabha elections and had become the Home Minister. Then the party felt that one person could not handle two responsibilities. The second party was Congress. Because, after a bad defeat in the Lok Sabha elections, Rahul Gandhi offered to resign.
After that it happened that the BJP has chosen its new president in the form of JP Nadda. However, after Rahul's resignation, the Congress had to go back to Sonia Gandhi. When Sonia Gandhi again became Congress President in August last year, the question arose whether anyone other than the Gandhi family could be made president in the Congress. There has often been a demand in the Congress to make non-Gandhi president.
The demand for change in the Congress has once again intensified. Priyanka Gandhi herself has also said in an interview to a book that now any non-Gandhi should take over the leadership of the party.
After independence, Gandhi remained the president for the longest time.
The Congress party formed in 1885 has so far had 88 presidents. Of these, 18 presidents have been formed after independence. Out of these 73 years after independence, the Nehru-Gandhi family has been the president of the party for 38 years. Whereas, 35 years non-Nehru-Gandhi family has taken command.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the president after independence from 1951 to 1954. After him Indira Gandhi became president in 1959. Indira was again president from 1978 to 1984. Rajiv Gandhi became president from 1985 to 1991 after Indira Gandhi's death. Sonia Gandhi became the president in 1998, 7 years after Rajiv Gandhi's death, which she held until 2017. After that, after the resignation of Rahul Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi is the president again from August 2019. Rahul Gandhi was the president from December 2017 to August 2019.
Now talk to those who were not from Gandhi family
The last president in the Congress party was Sitaram Kesari, who did not come from the Gandhi family. Sitaram Kesari was the Congress President from 1996 to 1998. It has been 22 years since him, since then the command of the Congress is in the hands of the Gandhi family.
Since independence, 13 presidents from non-Gandhi families have been formed. These 13 presidents have commanded the Congress for 35 years. The first president of the Congress after independence was JB Kripalani, who was outside the Gandhi family.
Performance in general elections: Gandhi family v / s non-Gandhi family
The first Lok Sabha elections were held in 1952 after independence and for the first 25 years, there was no strong alternative to the Congress. However, after the Emergency in 1975, the Congress had to face defeat for the first time in the 1977 elections. The Congress was reduced to 153 seats in this election. After this defeat, Indira Gandhi became the president again and won the Congress government again, winning 351 seats in the 1980 election.
Since independence, 17 Lok Sabha elections have been held in the country. Of these, during 10 elections, the President of Congress has been from the Gandhi family, while 7 times have been from non-Gandhi family. The Congress has lost three elections as president of non-Gandhi family, while the party has lost four elections as president of Gandhi family. Accordingly, the non-Gandhi family has a success rate of 57% in general elections.
From Jawaharlal Nehru to Indira Gandhi, in 5 general elections, the Congress president was from a non-Gandhi family and the Congress came to power in all elections except the 1977 elections. Whereas, between Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi, only two elections were held from non-Gandhi family and both times the Congress had to face defeat.
Only Rajiv-Sonia and Rahul, from the Gandhi family, under whose president the party lost
After Indira Gandhi's death, Rajiv Gandhi became Congress President in 1985 and also Prime Minister. Thereafter elections were held in 1989 and the party lost the election. The reason was that there were many allegations of corruption during Rajiv Gandhi's 5-year tenure. The Bofors case only came to light.
Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi are the only members from the Gandhi family whose party suffered defeat under its president. Rajiv Gandhi became president in 1985 and the party lost the 1989 election. Sonia Gandhi became president in 1998 and the Congress lost the 1999 election the following year. After this, Sonia Gandhi was also the president in the 2014 elections. In this election, the Congress got the lowest 44 seats in its history.
After Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi became Congress President in December 2017. He contested the first election in 2019 as the Speaker. Congress could win only 52 seats in this election. Alam is also that Rahul Gandhi lost his traditional seat of Amethi.
Congress has broken more than 20 times so far
The Congress was founded by AO Hume, a retired Scottish authority on 28 December 1885, 62 years before independence. The biggest split in the party took place in 1907 after the founding of the Congress. At that time the party was divided into a hot party and a soft party.
The Congress has broken more than 20 times since independence. Parties that broke away from the Congress were either merged with the Congress or formed an alliance with the Congress. The Congress broke in 1951 for the first time after independence. At that time JB Kripalani broke away from the Congress to form the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party. The same year, NG Ranga also formed the Hyderabad State Praja Party. The same year, a new party called Saurashtra Khedut Sangh split from the Congress.
Congress broke twice during Indira Gandhi. The first time was in 1969, when the Congress sacked Indira Gandhi. Then Indira Gandhi formed the Congress (Requisition). Then in 1977 there was a split in the Congress again. This time Indira Gandhi formed a separate party under the name Congress (I) and kept its election symbol claws. In it I meant Indira.
Most of the time the partition has taken place in the Congress since independence, most of the time has been from the President Gandhi family. The last major split in Congress took place in 2016. Then former Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Ajit Jogi broke away from the Congress to form the Chhattisgarh Janata Congress Party.