- Hindi news
- Db original
- By 2036, India's Population Will Be 152 Crores, Increase In Sex Ratio Of Women, Bihar Will Once Again Be The Youngest State
new Delhi3 minutes ago
- Copy link
- Population growth rate is increasing more rapidly in North India than in South India, UP growth rate alone is estimated to be 30%
- Rural Population was 69% in 2011 which will increase to 61% in 2036, Urban Population was 31% in 2011 which will increase to 39% in 2036
The next coming years are going to be better for women. According to the recent report of the National Commission on Population, there is a significant increase in the sex ratio of women in India. That is, the ratio between man and woman will decrease in the coming time.
According to the report, the female sex ratio is estimated to be 957 (at 1000 males) in 2036 from 943 in 2011. Except Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat and Maharashtra, the sex ratio of women will increase compared to the 2011 population in the rest of the states. The lowest is estimated to be 899 in Delhi, 900 in Gujarat and 908 in Haryana.
The report also calls for an improvement in the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). The Infant Mortality Rate is estimated to be 30 between 2031 and 2035 from 46 in 2011. The IMR is estimated to be between 30 and 40 in Rajasthan, Assam, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Kerala is estimated to have the lowest 9.
Estimation of 25 percent increase in population
At the same time, after 16 years i.e. by 2036, India's population is estimated to be 152 crores. According to the recent report of the National Commission on Population, from 2011 to 2036, the population is estimated to increase by 25 percent. That is, in these 25 years, India's population will grow at the rate of one percent every year. India's population in 2011 was 121 crores.
This will be the first time since independence that there will be a huge drop in the population growth rate. The growth rate is estimated to be 12.5% between 2011 and 2021 and 8.4% between 2021 and 2036. According to the report, by 2031 India will overtake China in terms of population.
100% of Delhi's population will be urban by 2036
The rural population was increasing at the time of independence. But, after that the growth rate is continuously decreasing. According to the report, the rural population was 69% in 2011, which will come down to 61% in 2036. In contrast, the urban population is growing rapidly. The urban population was 31% in 2011 which is estimated to increase to 39% in 2036.
In 2011, 98% of Delhi's population was urban, which is estimated to be 100% in 2036. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Telangana will have more than 50% urban population. Kerala is the state where most of the rural to urban population shift is being seen. According to the report, by 2036 92% of the population of Kerala will be urban, which was 52% in 2011-15.
North India heavy on South
Population growth rate of North India is increasing more rapidly than South India. The growth rate of UP alone is estimated to be 30%. The population of UP in 2011 was 19.9 crore, which may increase to 25.8 crore in 2036.
The population of Bihar was 10.4 crore in 2011, which is estimated to be 14.8 crore in 2036 with 42% growth. In the next 4 years, Bihar will overtake Maharashtra to become the second most populous state in the country after UP.
UP, Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh have reported a total growth of 54% in the population of these five states. Whereas, South India, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu are estimated to have a growth rate of just 9%. The total population growth of these five states is 2.9 crore, which is half as compared to UP alone.
Kerala tops the life expectancy
Talking about life expectancy, Kerala is at the top, where by 2036, the life expectancy of men is estimated to be 74 years and that of women is 80 years. Talking about the country, the life expectancy of men is estimated to be 71 years and that of women is 74 years. Tamil Nadu will be India's oldest state by 2036, while Bihar will still be the youngest state. The median age of Bihar is estimated to be 28 years and that of Tamil Nadu 40 years.
What happens to the median age
Median age means to divide a population into two equal parts. One part for young age and the other for old age. If the median age of Bihar is going to be 28 years in 2036, it means that the average age of half the population of Bihar is 28 years or less.