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- Education In India Latest Report: Muslims Attend English Medium Schools More Than Hindus In Ten Of Twenty Large States
new Delhi13 minutes ago
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- Literacy rate in India is 77.7%, in urban areas this figure is 87.7% and in rural areas 73.5%, which is a gap of around 14%.
- Only 6% of the children of Bihar study in English medium, while 63% in Telangana and 95% in Jammu and Kashmir study in English medium.
The Central Government has recently issued a new education policy. Many major changes have been made in this from school education to higher education. Now instead of 10 + 2 formula for schooling, a pattern of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be adopted. By the fifth, children will study only in the mother tongue or regional language.
Students will get many options to choose a favorite subject. For which debate is going on all over the country. Meanwhile, the National Statistical Office has also released a survey report on education. The survey was done during 2017-18. In this, there has been talk of a gap on education at a large level and inequality between different social groups.
According to this report, the literacy rate in India is 77.7 percent. This figure is 87.7% in urban areas and 73.5% in rural areas. That is, there is a gap of about 14 percent. At the same time, on the basis of gender, the male literacy rate is 84.7% and the female literacy rate is 70.3%.
According to the report, the literacy rate of Muslims is lower than other religious groups. In many cases it is even below SC and ST. According to the report, 17% of Muslims between 3 and 35 years never attended school. This figure is 13.4% for SC and 14.7% for ST. If we talk about the female group, then this figure for Muslims is 21.9 percent.
In other non-SC, ST and OBC groups, their literacy rate is 91% for male and 81% for female group. For Christianity this figure is 88% and 82%, which is better than Sikhs (87% and 75%) and Hindus (85% and 70%). Talking about Muslims, the literacy rate is 81% for mail group and 69% for female.
The figure of those studying in English medium is in the favor of Muslims. According to the report, 10 out of the 20 major states of the country have more Muslim class students.
These states are: Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
Most children of the Muslim class attend madrasas. There instead of English Medium, studies are conducted in Arabic or local language. Therefore, after this data, it can be said that the trend of Muslim students has now shifted towards modern education.
Talking about students studying in English medium, the number of general class students at primary level is 2.7 times that of ST class students, 2.9 times at upper primary level and 2.4 times at higher secondary level. The top 20% of the rich students at the pre primary level study 5.4 times more English medium than the bottom 20%. At the same time, this figure is 12.1 times at the secondary level.
Only 6% of Bihar's children study in English medium. At the same time, 63% of children in Telangana and 95% in Jammu and Kashmir study in English medium.
At the same time, the top 20 rich class students study more law than the bottom 20 poor class students. Students of general category study 6 times more management than ST class. The number of girls studying in English medium is less as compared to boys. Most girls study humanities, more than men.
Indians spend 25 thousand crores on private education
According to the report, people of India spend about 25 thousand crores on private education. It does not include coaching fees charged for professional exams. This is just the primary to higher secondary school fees. This is more than one-third of the budget released by the central government.
The central government has set a budget of 59845 crores for school education and literacy. According to the report, Rs 2516 per student at higher secondary level, Rs 1632 at secondary level, Rs 845 at upper primary level and Rs 502 at primary level.