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- ICMR Nutrition Institute Of India Releases What India Eats Reports | Your Nutrition Guide | New Height And Weight Criterion For Indian Males And Females | Nutrition India | What You Should Eat
3 hours agoAuthor: Ravindra Bhajani
- ICMR-NIN released report – What India Eats
- Comprehensive survey on the catering habits of the city and village made the basis
The National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has released a report on the country's catering habits on 28 September. According to this report published by What India Eats i.e. What India Eats Title, there is a huge gap in the habits related to catering in the cities and villages of India.
This report says that 53.6% of the people in the cities have Abdominal Obesity, ie every other person. At the same time, this is the problem of 18.8% people in villages. When it comes to overweight and obese (obesity), the city (31.4% and 12.5%) is ahead of the villages (16.6% and 4.9%).
Has the calculation of body mass index changed?
- According to ICMR-NIN report, the ideal weight of Indians is now not 60 kg but 65 kg. Similarly, the ideal weight of women has not been 50 but 55 kg. The recommendations made in 2010 have been increased by five kilos.
- The ideal height of Indian men has increased from 5.6 feet (171 cm) to 5.8 feet (177 cm). The ideal height of women has also been increased from 5 feet (152 cm) to 5.3 feet (162 cm). This may also change the formula for extracting the body mass index (BMI) index.
Why is this India Eats report special?
- Ten years ago such a report was made, but there was no data of villages then. For the first time, the contribution of total energy, protein, fats and carbohydrates from different food groups has been reported. Two national level survey data have been used in this.
- My plate has been recommended in the report. It has told what the correct ratio of foods in your plate should be. This will strengthen the immune function. Diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, arthritis, etc. can also be avoided.
- The 2015-16 National Family Health Survey-4, National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, WHO and the Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2015 reports have been studied to prepare the What India Eats report.
Does your food meet your body's energy needs?
- No. The report says that chronic energy efficiency was 9.3% in cities, while it was 35.4% in villages. This means that every third person living in the villages is suffering from some disorder related to food. They are not getting food to meet their energy needs.
- The report says that people in cities are consuming 1943 kcal every day, which is coming from 289 grams of carbohydrates, 51.6 grams of fats, 55.4 grams of protein. At the same time, people in rural areas are consuming 2081 kcal. It comes from 368 grams of carbohydrates, 36 grams of fats and 69 grams of protein.
- In food groups, in the cities, 998 kcal comes from cereals, 265 kcal from fats and 119 kcal from pulses. At the same time, the share of cereals (1358 kcal) is the highest in the villages as an energy source. This is followed by fats (145), lentils and legumes (144).
- The report says that 66% of the protein source should be pulses, legumes, nuts, milk, meat. But, this is not happening. Eating less fruits and vegetables increases the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure by eating less milk and milk products.
Is dependence on food grains as an energy source right?
- According to ICMR's Hyderabad-based National Institute of Nutrition, grains should be the source of 45% of your energy. The reality is that 51% of the cities and 65.2% of the villages are consuming food grains as energy sources.
- As an energy source, pulses, beans, meat, eggs and fish contribute 11%, while it should be 17%. Similarly, only 8.7% of the population in villages and 14.3% of the population in the cities consume the right amount of milk and milk products.
- Even those consuming the right amount of vegetables have only 8.8% in villages and 17% in cities. If you talk about nuts and oil seeds, only 22% of the population is consuming the right amount in villages and 27% of the population in cities.
- This report states that people in cities take 11% of their energy needs from chips, biscuits, chocolates, sweets and juices. At the same time, the situation in villages is good. There is only 4% of those doing this. Good quality protein is being served by 5% of rural and 18% of urban population.
What do my plate recommendations say?
- In the report, the name of My Plate has told what would be the ideal plate for you, from where you get enough energy and it is called balanced diet. For this, your 45% calorie / energy source should be cereal. 17% calorie / energy pulses and flush foods and 10% calorie / energy should be obtained from milk and milk products. Fat intake should be 30% or less.
- For the first time, recommendations have included fiber-based energy intake. According to this, 40 grams of fiber-rich food is safe every day. The intake limit of 5 grams of iodine or salt and 2 grams of sodium has been fixed. 3,510 mg of potassium will also add nutritional value to the body.
- 25, 30 and 40 grams of fats have been recommended for men with sedentary, moderate and heavy activities. The intake of fats for women with similar activity is set at 20, 25 and 30 grams per day. In 2010, Fat Intake recommendations for men and women were kept the same.