New Delhi: The spacecraft of the US Space Agency (NASA) will land on the surface of Mars (Mars) today i.e. late night of 18 February. NASA Perseverance Rover may also face many problems in reaching Mars. These are problems that the Persistence Rover will have to deal with on its own, but let us tell you that its elder brother already exists on Mars. This will save Mars Rover from the biggest problem of Mars. Let us know the problems of persistence and the role of the elder brother Insight.
Control the speed of the rover
Half an hour before landing on Mars, the speed of the NASA Perseverance Mars Rover will be around 80 thousand kilometers per hour. In 30 minutes, its speed will have to be reduced to this level so that it does not fall fast on Mars.
It is very hot on the red planet
As soon as Mars enters the atmosphere, the Perseverance Mars Rover will have to tolerate a temperature of 1000 degrees Celsius due to friction.
Jagero Crater is a big challenge
Jezero Crater has deep valleys, sharp mountains, pointed cliffs, sand dunes and a sea of stones. In such a situation, the scientists of the world are eyeing on how successful the landing of Perseverance Mars Rover will be.
Big brother is present on red planet
Already on the red planet Mars, the elder brother Mars Insight is waiting for the Perseverance Mars Rover. It is a NASA rover, which was transported by the US to the surface of Mars in November 2018.
What is Mars Insight
The work of Mars Insight is to give information about the surface of Mars and earthquakes in the womb. From November 2018, it is only sending information to NASA by continuously gathering information about earthquakes coming to Mars.
What is Insight’s role
When the Perseverance Mars Rover lands on the surface of Mars, Insight will tell both NASA and Perseverance that there will be no earthquake at its landing site.
Earthquake is called Earthquake, similarly the earthquake on Mars is called Marsquake. In the year 2019, the team of Mars Insight told the world for the first time that earthquakes also occur on Mars. Although these earthquakes are slightly different from the Earth’s earthquake, what type of earthquakes they are is still a mystery.
Insight celebrated birthday
There is a single center for measuring earthquakes on Mars called Mars Insight. Therefore, it is difficult to detect earthquakes there. Recently Insight has celebrated its first birthday on Mars. That too after two years because one day of Mars is equal to two days of Earth. That means about 687 days of the earth.
Insight to update younger brother
But Insight will do its job during the landing of NASA Perseverance Mars Rover. As soon as the persistence comes down on the surface of Mars, the vibration in the ground of insight will show that the younger brother has landed safely.
Three types of seismic activities
Whenever a vehicle lands on a surface, there are three types of seismic activities. First- if suddenly the speed of the vehicle is slowed then it will cause sonic boom. The shockwave emanating from this will cause seismic activity. Second, even if the atmosphere absorbs the same sonic boom, it will create vibrations for a considerable distance. Third – which is the most prominent. Third, seismic activity can occur during the landing sequence when the perseverance will take down two heavy rovers.
Scientists eye the mission
He will control these activities through cruise mass balance devices (CMBDs). At this time its speed will be around 1000 kilometers per hour. Due to its jet engine, a pit can also be formed on the surface of Mars. There will also be geothermal activity. The eyes of scientists from all over the world are resting on these missions.